Step by Step Guide to Opening a Gas Station

Opening a gas station can be complicated, but this shouldn’t discourage you from doing so. It is a fantastic opportunity to open a business in this industry since fuel is in high demand. With millions of drivers filling up their tanks daily to get where they need to go, it can be a booming industry. In 2020 alone, the US gas station industry’s gross output was over 100 billion dollars. However, many owners do not know how to get started and what is involved in the process. Here we’ll go over how to open a gas station business and everything you need to know about the enterprise.

Initial and Ongoing Operating Costs

When considering opening a gas station, you should know the initial costs before starting. You may need to pay anywhere from $250,000 to $2 million to open a small gas station. In addition to the upfront cost of opening, you’ll have to partner with a fuel supplier. Another option is to buy an up-and-running gas station, but be sure to research the location and what kind of customers you will attract. All are very important to know beforehand to know if there’s competition near you, if construction affects your permits and accessibility, if there is easy access from the highway or main road, and so forth. These factors will determine the best location for your business and get the best deal possible.


Now that you’ve spent the time and effort determining which location and deal would be best for you. The next step is to obtain insurance so that you don’t risk losing everything you’ve worked for, which will help protect you and your employees from any hazards that may happen at your facility. It would be wise to obtain Business Insurance when entering the fuel industry. Many financial risks come with this line of business, including robbery, injury, equipment malfunction, fire, and property damage. Some other useful types of insurance you’ll want to look into are General Liability, Property, and Commercial Auto and Fleet insurance, among others.

General Liability protects the owner from third-party property damage and injuries. This can include, for example, if a customer falls or slips at your facility when the ground is wet or icy, causing them to lose their balance. General liability will cover the medical bills and provide the necessary funds to cover legalities. The insurance also applies to food items sold at your convenience store. If a consumer eats a product from your store and gets food poisoning, the consumer may want to sue your business. The general liability insurance would cover the legal fees and settlements.

Property Insurance protects your business from any damages to your property. This includes your pumps, outdoor fixtures, inventory, supplies, documents, etc. Usually, this insurance covers the damage from harsh weather occurrences and vehicles and airplanes.

Commercial and Fleet Insurance covers injuries, property damage, medical payments, legal defense, etc.

Tanks, Pumps, and Fuel

The tanks, pumps, and fuel are the most critical aspects of your station as they are necessary for the industry. Tanks and pumps may come with the property if you purchase real estate for your gas station. And if your shop is part of a franchise, the tanks and pumps may be owned by the national franchiser. If your property does not come with pumps or tanks, and you are an independent business (not a franchise), you can purchase the pumps and tanks from a vendor. Whether you own your equipment or not, you’ll want to ensure it is in good condition and complies with the current regulatory requirements. Check the history of the pumps and tanks and confirm they are not deficient. For fuel, you will have to obtain a fuel supplier.

Products and Inventory

Since you have the pumps, tanks, and fuel to run your business, you may need to consider where you will store your products and inventory. Most fuel distributors in the US are also convenience stores, and thus you’ll want to plan which products would be most popular and profitable in your convenience store. The most popular products are dairy products, toiletries, packaged candy, hot food, lottery tickets, and tobacco products. Most of these products align perfectly with every customer’s preference. And having the most popular items not only makes consumers happy but also increases your revenue. Merchants should ensure there is enough space in their convenience store to display these products and put them in a storage room. That way, the convenience store is not overcrowded with products, making shopping easier for customers.

In addition, remember that the more services and products you offer, the more consumers will enjoy going to your business and create more foot traffic. Some services you may want to consider car washes, air stations, restrooms, etc.


Now that you have all the products and inventory you need to operate your business, it is time to figure out the number of employees you need. This, of course, depends on the size of your shop and how many services you’ll offer. The most important jobs at a fuel stop are a cashier in the convenience store to check out customers and someone to pump the gas (unless it is a self-pump station).

Accountant and Legal Fees

When operating your station, you may need an accountant or business lawyer to discuss the legal factors involved. Shop owners should expect to pay around $2,000 in legal fees. Most fuel company owners opt for registering as a Limited Liability Company (LLC). If you are purchasing a gas station that is part of a franchise, you will want a business lawyer or accountant to review the franchise agreement with you and the costs involved.

Location Costs

A prime location is key to reaping a profit and staying in business. You may want it near a major highway or a prime location in an upcoming neighborhood. The location cost varies, but remember that this will significantly contribute to your startup costs. Buying real estate for your business can be hundreds or thousands of dollars (usually around $150,000), so consider the property’s price when choosing your location.


Marketing is an essential aspect of the business when buying a gas station. Fuel may be in constant demand, but customers near you may not know about your station. Thus it is super important to spread the word and have a marketing strategy to get customers through the door. Some marketing strategies include billboards, promotions, and an SEO (Search Engine Optimization) friendly website. You may not think having a site is essential for a fuel establishment, but if your site ranks high on online search pages, customers searching for gas on Google Maps will be able to find you more easily. Since this is a common way people find fuel stops, having a website with a high SEO ranking is extremely helpful.

Licenses and Permits

Lastly, licenses and permits for a fuel establishment differ from state to state. Some standard ones include Building and Fire Inspection, tank and pump inspections (conducted at random by the state), Water Discharge permits (if required), alcohol, tobacco, and lottery ticket licenses, Certificate of Occupancy, and Health Inspection. The laws and fees regarding licenses differ by state. But the most critical license you’ll need, required by all states, is a Motor Fuels Retail Outlet License. This is the tax license required to sell gas in your state.